Status Quaestionis. Rivista di Studi Letterari, Linguistici e Interdisciplinari is an an on-line, open-access peer-reviewed journal edited by the the Department of European, American and Intercultural Studies of Sapienza University of Rome. Issue 8 (2015) of the journal was dedicated to Classical Reception Studies and published several papers presented and discussed at the conference Ktema es aei: La ricezione del mondo antico, an event organised in 2013 at the Università degli Studi di Torino by Maria G. Castello and Carla Scilabra in collaboration with Imagines.
Table of contents, abstracts and links to the publications (PDF):
–Preface. Filippo Carlà, Maria G. Castello.
A preface to this issue of the journal, explaining the choice of the topic and of the articles and summarizing the main contents of the articles published here.
The author investigates in this article the forms of Classical reception, in particular in reference to the visual and performing arts and with a special focus on the role of Classical Antiquity in postmodern aesthetics. After presenting, in a first part, a model relating Classical reception to transcultural dynamics, the author presents the most substantial changes in the forms of reception in postmodernism and finally introduces a current research project which investigates, along the theoretical lines presented in the first sections, the representations of the ancient world in theme parks.
–Cinema storico ed eternità di Roma. Domitilla Campanile
This article aims to discuss the academic renewed interest on films set in a cinematic interpretation of the past. Separating fiction from truth should not be the first real purpose for ancient historians; furthermore scholars ought to commit to these studies without any disdain or patronizing superiority. Then, the author tries to examine the function played by the image of Rome in these movies, and the broad range of meanings shared by the representations of the city. Finally, the author analyses the evolutions in conceptualizing the eternity of Rome and the deep changes noticeable in many films from this point of view through the ages.
–Il futuro della ricezione dell’antico. Luigi Spina
Reception studies can be defined as «the ways in which Greek and Roman material has been transmitted, translated, excerpted, interpreted, rewritten, re-imaged and represented». The ways in which the ancient world could be received in the future depend on the relationship between the three elements which compose the cultural communication, the authors, the texts, the public of readers and spectators, through the new media.
–Tra ricezione e rielaborazione del passato: un exemplum moderno. Gea di Luca Enoch. Maria G. Castello
The article aims to analyse the reception of classical antiquity and of the ancient religions in a comic by Luca Enoch: Gea. Originally published by Sergio Bonelli Editore in the late 1990s, Gea is an unicum for the Bonellian standards starting from its editorial format and its narrative structure. But the real touch of originality can be identified in its main themes, which are unusual for a “popular comic” – sexuality, social problems, political matters, etc. – and in the way how the Author uses the classical heritage and the ancient religions in two different modes. The former is presented in a traditional and stereotypical way while the latter are strongly reinterpreted. So the purpose of this paper is to understand the reasons for this different use of the past.
This paper aims to analyse the presence of figures and themes coming from the Classical heritage in the Japanese manga production. This review focuses mainly on how the manga-artists use such characters in order to identify and depict otherness: the works that are taken under consideration are mainly comics dating to 1970s, in which it is possible to follow an evolution of this production. The Author tries also to present a social and political explication of this phenomenon, based upon a brief analysis of how these theme could be connected to the evolution of the cultural and military relationship between Japan and the West ypical way while the latter are strongly reinterpreted. So the purpose of this paper is to understand the reasons for this different use of the past.
–Le metamorfosi di Circe: dea, maga e femme fatale. Irene Berti
The myth of the encounter between Odysseus and Circe, first attested in the Odyssey, was very popular in and after Antiquity, and it inspired poets, artists and philosophers. In most cases, the post-Homeric Circe is transformed from an ambiguous, but fundamentally positive creature, into an increasingly negative one. Starting her “career” as a Homeric goddess, she quickly turns into a witch and into a seducer. This essay focuses on the reception of the figure of Circe in two periods, the Renaissance and the belle époque, during which she enjoyed considerable success, as an enchantress in the former, and as a femme fatale in the latter.
Starting from the analysis of Valentina Prosperi’s recent book Omero sconfitto. Ricerche sul mito di Troia dall’Antichità al Rinascimento (Roma 2013), the paper develops some considerations about the current state of research on the reception of the Trojan myth in Western culture. Four main contexts are outlined: the reflections on Greek identity by the intellectuals of the so-called Second Sophistic in the Roman imperial period (1st-3rd century); the cultural shift of Late Antique translators (4th-6th century), and the effects of their peculiar choices on the transmission of ancient texts; the renewed interest in the stories of Troy in the Western Middle Ages, especially in France and Italy, from the 12th to the 14th century; and, finally, the importance of ancient myth and epic poetry for the literary self-consciousness of Italian Renaissance humanists and writers of the Quattrocento and Cinquecento. The author stresses the long-lasting importance of the ancient literary accounts of the Trojan war in shaping the cultural identity of Western civilization, and especially their role as models for the two genres of historiography and fiction, often far more closely interrelated with one another than we expect.
–Jacopo Bassi, Gianluca Canè (a cura di). Sulle spalle degli antichi. Eredità classica e costruzione delle identità nazionali nel Novecento. Milano: Unicopli, 2014. 278 pp. By Dario Nappo
–Filippo Carlà, Irene Berti (eds.). Ancient Magic and the Supernatural in the Modern Visual and Performing Arts. London and New York: Bloomsbury, 2015. 335 pp. By Ryan W. Cooper
–Alessandra Coppola. Una faccia una razza? Grecia antica e moderna nell’immaginario italiano di età fascista. Roma: Carocci, 2013. 168 pp. By Rachele Dubbini
–Antonino De Francesco. The Antiquity of the Italian Nation. The Cultural Origins of a Political Myth in Modern Italy 1796-1943. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013. 266 pp. By Maja Gori
–M. Lindner (hrsg.). Antikenrezeption 2013 n. Chr. Heidelberg: Verlag Antike, 2013. 163 pp. By Lucia Cecchet
–Pantelis Michelakis, Maria Wyke (eds.). The ancient world in silent cinema. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2013. 398 pp. By Paola Mior
Bibliography. Filippo Carlà, Maria G. Castello